Andalusia is located in the south of the Iberian peninsula, in southwestern Europe, immediately south of the autonomous communities of Extremadura and Castilla-La Mancha; west of the autonomous community of Murcia and the Mediterranean Sea; east of Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean; and north of the Mediterranean Sea and the Strait of Gibraltar.
This Spanish province is the only European region with both Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines.
The small British overseas territory of Gibraltar shares a three-quarter-mile land border with the Andalusian province of Cádiz at the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar.
Main mountain ranges of Andalusia are the Sierra Morena and the Baetic System, consisting of the Subbaetic and Penibaetic Mountains, separated by the Intrabaetic Basin. In the north, the Sierra Morena separates Andalusia from the plains of Extremadura and Castile La Mancha on Spain’s Meseta Central.
To the south the geographic subregion of Upper Andalusia lies mostly within the Baetic System, while Lower Andalusia is in the Baetic Depression of the valley of the Guadalquivir.
Natural or National?
In Spain, a natural park (Spanish: parque natural) is a natural space protected for its biology, geology, or landscape. As is to be expected, natural parks focus their main attention on the conservation and maintenance of flora, fauna, and terrain. Natural parks may be maritime or terrestrial and can be in the mountains, along the coasts, in the desert. Human habitation and Agriculture has affected in one way or another the habitats in a natural park area.
A National park (Spanish: parque nacional) Has the same if not more protection status. More of a wilderness area less impacted by human habitation and exploitation.
- Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche
- Sierra Norte de Sevilla
- Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro
- Sierra de Andujar
- Sierra Cazorla
- Sierra de Castril
- Sierra Magina
- Sierra de Maria los Velez
- Cabo de Gata-Níjar
- Sierras de Tejeda, Almijara y Alhama
- Sierra de Baza
- Sierra Nevada
- Sierra Subbética
- Montes de Malaga
- Sierra de las Nieves
- Sierra de Grazalema
- Los Alcornocales
- El Estrecho
- La Breña y Marismas de Barbate
- Bahia de Cadiz
- Doñana National Park
- Doñana Buffer Zone
Wildside Holidays – Spain
The top wildlife, activity and walking holiday companies in Spain. Small family companies living and working in Spain. Local guides are the best!