Above Image By Heparina1985 – Valley of Ordesa, Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park, Spain
- Capital: Zaragoza.
- Area: 47,719 km²
- Provinces: Huesca, Zaragoza, Teruel
Aragon is home to the highest peak in the Pyrenees “Aneto” which reaches a height of 3404m, situated in Pirineo Central, Huesca. It also holds the oldest National Park, Ordesa, which was founded in 1918 by Royal decree. The wildlife here includes Eagles, Lammergeyer, Brown bear, Otters, Wild boar, Alpine marmot and Chamois deer along with more than 170 bird species.
Contrasting to these high peaks, snow, waterfalls, meadows and glacial valleys is the 14.4 km² saline lagoon at Gallocanta which is an important reserve and wintering ground to Cranes plus more than 200 bird species through the year.
The plain on which Gallocanta is situated is 1000m above sea level It is dissected by the Ebro river and contains many other lakes, both saline and fresh water. This plateau is surrounded by mountains. Those to the east (Moncayo), west (Montes Univerales) and south (Sierra de Javalambre) do not reach the incredible height of those in the Pyrenees but are never the less very rugged. In further contrast to the lush depression of the Ebro the foot hills in the southern area create a buffer zone to the clouds driven in from the Mediterranean. The result is semi arid steppe with dried out water ways. All this only adds to the rich diversity to the flora and fauna of Aragon.
The province of Aragón
Covering an area of 47720 km2 (18420 sq mi), the region’s terrain ranges diversely from permanent glaciers to verdant valleys, rich pasture lands and orchards, through to the arid steppe plains of the central lowlands.
Aragon is home to many rivers, most notably, the river Ebro, Spain’s largest river in volume, which runs west to east across the entire region through the province of Zaragoza. It is also home to the highest mountains of the Pyrenees.
Natural or National?
In Spain, a natural park (Spanish: parque natural) is a natural space protected for its biology, geology, or landscape.
As is to be expected, natural parks focus their main attention on the conservation and maintenance of flora, fauna, and terrain. Natural parks may be maritime or terrestrial and can be in the mountains, along the coasts, in the desert.
Human habitation and Agriculture has affected in one way or another the habitats in a natural park area.
A National park (Spanish: parque nacional) Has the same if not more protection status. More of a wilderness area less impacted by human habitation and exploitation.
Aragón has 3 natural Parks and one National Park
- Ordesa y Monte Perdido (National Park)
- Posets Maladeta
- Sierra y Cañones