- Capital: Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
- Area: 7,447 km²
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) are an archipelago of the Kingdom of Spain. The group consists of seven larger islands and four smaller ones, each of volcanic origin. They are located off the north-western coast of Africa (Morocco and the Western Sahara) in the Atlantic Ocean.
The nearest island is 108 km from the northwest African coast. They form an autonomous community of Spain.
The larger islands are: Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro and the smaller ones: Graciosa, Alegranza, Los Lobos and Montana Clara.
Together with the Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira, and the Savage Isles they form Macaronesia. This is a new name for these tropical and subtropical volcanic Islands in the Atlantic Ocean near Europe and Africa.
The Teide volcano on Tenerife is the highest mountain in Spain at 3,718 m and the third largest volcano on Earth.
Four of Spain’s fourteen National Parks are located in the Canary Islands which is a testimony to their huge environmental value.
The flora of the islands consists of about two thousand species, five hundred and twenty of which are to be considered endemic, and as many as five hundred and ninety three that are rare or becoming extinct.
Find a hotel in the Canary Islands
The Haria Lizard is the smallest of the Gallotias which is a genus of 5 different lizards endemic to the Canary Islands. There are also 3 endemic species of skinks and 1 gecko.
There are some bird species which are confined to the Macaronesia Island group, others to individual Islands and occasional avian waifs from the Americas all of which are a draw for ornithologists. White-Faced Storm Petrel, Cory’s Shearwater, Madeiran Storm-Petrel, Berthelot’s Pipit, Fuerteventura Stonechat and Blue Chaffinch are just a few specialties
If the links are live below then read more about each natural park.
Have you visited any on these natural Parks? Send us some feedback by leaving a comment.
1 Las Nieves
2 National Park of caldera de taburiente
3 Cumbre viejas
5 National park of Garajonay
6 National Park of Teide
7 La corona forestal
10 Archipilago chinijo
11 National Park of Timanfaya
12 Los volcanes
13 Islote de lobos
17 Pozo negro
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