Iberian lynx

Mammals of Spain

The mammals of Spain vary from the better known Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) to the last remaining numbers of the endangered Wolf (Canis lupus signatus) and Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) and further to the little known semi aquatic Pyrenean Desman (Galemys pyrenaicus).

There are well over 100 species of mammals in Iberia ranging from the tiny shrews to the enormous whales. There are species that live in high mountain zones such as Chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica), Alpine marmot (Marmota marmota) and Mouflon a type of wild sheep (Ovis musimon) and at the opposite end of the scale, marine mammals such as Long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melaena), Bottlenose (Tursiops truncatus) and Striped Dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba).

There is also a large bat population with 27 species of bats currently known to live in Iberia. The Greater Noctule Bat (Nyctalus lasiopterus) has recently been the subject of studies as it is thought to be preying on small migrating birds that fly through the area of Doñana National park at night.

If available then on the specific page there will also be a link to wildlife watching companies in Spain that can help you to see these amazing animals in the wild or, at the very least, a map to show you where to book your hotel in the right area!

The below list of mammals in Spain is an ongoing project. Do you have any images we can use to improve the information pages?

  • Stone marten (Martes foina) Garduña
  • European pine marten – Martes martes – Marta
  • American mink – Neovison vison – Vison Americano
  • European polecat – Mustela putorius – Turón
  • European mink – Mustela lutreola – Vison europea
  • Stoat /Ermine – Mustela erminea – Armiño
  • Least weasel – Mustela nivalis – Comadreja
  • Alpine marmot – Marmota marmota – Marmota alpina
  • Wild boar – Scrus scrofa – Jabali
  • Egyption mongoose – Herpestes ichneumon – Meloncillo
  • European badger – Meles meles – Tejon
  • Common genet – Genetta genetta – Gineta
  • Common Racoon – Procyon lotor – Mapache boreal o Racuna
  • Barbary macaque – Macaca sylvanus – Macaco de berbera

Marine mammals


  • Common bottlenose dolphin or Atlantic bottlenose dolphinTursiops truncatus -Delfín mular
  • Striped dolphinStenella coeruleoalba – Delfín listado
  • Short-beaked common dolphinDelphinus delphis – Delfín común
  • Rough-toothed dolphinSteno bredanensis – Delfín de dientes rugosos
  • Atlantic spotted dolphinStenella frontalis – Delfín moteado Atlántico
  • Risso’s dolphin Grampus griseus – Calderón gris
  • False killer whale Pseudorca crassidens – Falsa orca
  • Killer whale Orcinus orca – Orca


  • Short-finned pilot whaleGlobicephala macrorhynchus – Calderón tropical
  • Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus – Rorcual común
  • Sei whaleBalaenoptera borealis -Rorcual norteño
  • Sperm whalePhyseter macrocephalus – Cachalote
  • Cuvier’s beaked whaleZiphius cavirostris – Zifio común

Looking for something specific? Use the search system top right of all pages.

The Grazalema Guide

The best way to see all our web projects in one place is over at the Grazalema Guide.

The Grazalema Guide – Tourist Information Portal for the Sierra de Grazalema, Wildside Holidays, the town of Ronda and the Caminito del Rey.


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