Biospheres in Spain - Abies pinsapo

Biospheres in Spain

The Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme – Biospheres in Spain run by UNESCO is an intergovernmental programme that aims to establish a scientific basis for enhancing the relationship between people and their environments. It combines the natural and social sciences with a view to improving human livelihoods and safeguarding natural and managed ecosystems, thus promoting innovative approaches to economic development that are socially and culturally appropriate and environmentally sustainable.

The World Network of Biosphere Reserves currently has 714 sites in 129 countries all over the world. Spain now has a total of 52 biosphere reserves, confirming its leadership as the country with the largest number of these protected spaces in the world. The Spanish Network of Biosphere Reserves now occupies more than 6 million hectares, or 12% of the national territory, in which close to 2 million people live.

In Spain the biosphere reserves can have multiple protected areas within very large areas including towns, villages and natural areas such as Natural Parks (Parque Natural), Marine Reserves (Reserva Marina del Estado), Special Bird Protection Zones (Zona de Especial Protección para las Aves (ZEPA), Conservation areas (Zona de Espacial Conservación (ZEC), Mediterranean Protection Zones Zona (Especialmente Protegida de Importancia para el Mediterráneo (ZEPIM), RAMSAR Wetland Reserves (Zona Húmeda de Importancia Internacional (Convenio de Ramsar) and Geoparks (Geoparque Mundial de UNESCO)

Below is the list of biosphere reserves in Spain, each one with a link to the relevant protected area information pages published here at Wildside Holidays. Remember that many of these areas have been previously declared as Natural or National parks before being incorporated into the much larger zones (hence two declaration dates for some biospheres, the first being the Natural Park declaration date).

Biosphere reserves in Andalucia

Biosphere reserves in Asturias

Biosphere reserves in Aragón

Ordesa – Viñamala – Huesca – 1977, 2013

Biosphere reserves in Castilla y Leon

  • Babia – León – 2004
  • El Alto Bernesga – León – 2005
  • Los Argüellos León – 2005
  • Los Valles de Omaña y Luna – León – 2005, 2019
  • Las Sierras de Béjar y Francia – León – 2006
  • Los Ancares Leoneses – León – 2006
  • Picos de Europa – 2003
  • Valle de Laciana – León – Castilla y León – 2003
  • Transfronteriza Meseta Ibérica – Zamora y Salamanca – (Castilla y León/España and Portugal) – 2015
  • Real Sitio de San Idelfonso y El Espinar – Segovia – 2013

Biosphere reserves in Castilla la Mancha

Biosphere reserves in Cantabria

Biosphere reserves in Cataluña

Biosphere reserves in Extremadura

Biosphere reserves in the Balearic islands

Biosphere reserves in the Canary islands

Biosphere reserves in Galicia

  • Area de Allariz – Orense – 2005
  • Los Ancares Lucenses y Montes de Cervantes, Navia y Becerrea – 2006
  • Mariñas Coruñesas e Terras de Mandeo – A Coruña – 2013
  • Terras de Miño – Lugo – Galicia – 2002
  • Rio Eo, Oscos y Terras de Burón – Lugo y Asturias – (Galicia/Asturias) – 2007
  • Transfronteriza Géres-Xurés – Orense – (Galicia-España and Portugal) – 2009

Biosphere reserves in La Rioja

  • Valles de Leza, Jubera, Cidacas y Alhama – 2003

Biosphere reserves in Madrid

Biosphere reserves in Navarra

Biosphere reserves in País Vasco

Biosphere reserves in Valencian Community

Alto Turia – Cuenca, Valencia 2019
Valle del Cabriel – Albacete, Cuenca, Teruel, Valencia – 2019

Biosphere reserves Spain and Morocco

  • Intercontinental del Mediterraneo – Morroco and Spain (Aguas intermedias) 2006

The official website detailing bio reserves in Spain is here: http://rerb.oapn.es/red-espanola-de-reservas-de-la-biosfera/reservas-de-la-biosfera-espanolas/listado


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