Spanish Festoon - Zerynthia rumina - Arlequín

Spanish Festoon – Zerynthia rumina – Arlequín

  • Family: Papilionidae
  • Scientific name: Zerynthia rumina
  • English common name: Spanish Festoon
  • Spanish common name: Arlequín
  • Portuguese common name: Borboleta Carnaval

The Spanish Festoon – Zerynthia rumina – Arlequín is a medium sized butterfly that often flies at low levels among grasses. The main colour is yellow with an attractive pattern of black with large red spots over the upper wings. The under wings have an intricate design, including a wavy line of black and red on an off-white background colour.

Spanish Festoon - Zerynthia rumina - Arlequín
Spanish Festoon – Zerynthia rumina – Arlequín – Mating pair.

The caterpillars of this species are up to 3.5cm long. The colour can vary greatly from yellow to brown, covered in spines that are often orange.

  • Wing size: 44-46mm
  • Altitude: Sea level to1500m
  • Flight time: March-May
  • Over-wintering: Chrysalis
  • Caterpillar food plant: Aristolochia species
  • Distribution: Iberia, Southern France, North Africa
Spanish Festoon - Zerynthia rumina - Arlequín
The patterns and colours of this butterfly in Spain makes it very easy to identify.

Similar species: Not in Iberia (Southern France has Southern Festoon (Zerynthia polyxena)

Butterflies of Iberia
These are included in the list of butterflies in Andalusia.
Images taken by Sue Eatock in Grazalema, Southern Spain.


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